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American Football just called football in the USA is a team sport. It is played by two teams with 11 players on each side. American football is played with a ball with pointed ends.
Points are scored in many ways, usually by one team getting the ball into the end zone of the other team. The game started in the late 19th century as college football , an American version of rugby football.
In the National Football League, players can be paid millions of dollars. In the National Collegiate Athletic Association, players simply play for the pride of their school, scholarships , or for the chance to join a national team.
Over a million boys and a few girls play high school football. There is also a closely related sport called Canadian football. A football game is played with a ball called a football.
The sport is played on a grass or artificial turf field. The end zones , one at each end of the field, are 10 yards long.
The players wear protective equipment, including a helmet with face mask, shoulder pads, thigh pads, and often a mouth guard.
A team has four chances, or "downs", to advance the ball 10 yards while the opposing team tries to stop it. Certain players advance the ball by carrying or throwing it.
Teams can score by advancing the ball to the other team's end zone or by kicking the ball through a goalpost placed at the back of the end zone.
American football is carefully regulated by time and rules, which are enforced by officials, who also determine when a team scores.
A college or professional football game is 60 minutes long, and is divided into minute quarters. In some high schools, the quarters are 12 minutes long, and games for younger children are often shorter still.
After the first two quarters, the teams rest during halftime. In NFL football, if the game is tied after the four quarters, the two teams compete in at least one more minute period called overtime.
During overtime, the first team to score points is usually the winner. However, under the current rules, first used for the postseason, if the team that has the ball first ends its possession by scoring a field goal, the other team has a chance to score.
If that team does not score, or if it scores a touchdown, the game ends. If it scores a field goal, the game continues, and the next team to score wins.
During the regular season, only one overtime period is played—if neither team scores, or if both teams score field goals when they first have the ball, the game ends in a tie.
During the playoffs, the game will continue with as many overtime periods as needed to decide a winner. If the game is tied after each team has had the ball once in overtime, the first team to score wins.
The game ends when one team scores, and the other team fails to score as many points during its chance.
Most of the game is played on yards in the middle. It is divided by 20 lines drawing every 5 yards. The field has two other sets of markings, running between the two end zones along the length of the field, known as "hashmarks".
All plays must start between the hashmarks—if the last play ended outside the hashmarks, the ball is moved to the nearest hashmark. At the ends of the field there are scoring areas, called the end zones.
There are also two yellow poles on the end of each field called uprights. Sometimes, if the team can not score a touchdown they might want to kick it through the uprights for three points.
The uprights are also used for scoring one point after a team scored a touchdown. There are many types of players on a football team.
For the offensive part of the team, a quarterback throws the football to wide receivers while offensive linemen block to protect him from defensive players.
The offensive linemen also block when a running back runs to advance the football. Players on the Defensive line , a linebacker , and defensive backs cornerbacks and American football safeties attempt to tackle the offensive player who carries the football.
Some team members only play during certain times. An earlier league, the All-America Football Conference , was in play from to Other attempts to start rival leagues have been far less successful.
The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced monetary issues so severe that the league could not pay its players. In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before its second season could be completed.
American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.
The league's championship game is the Eurobowl. All of these countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level.
Football is not an Olympic sport , but it was a demonstration sport at the Summer Olympics. Large team sizes are an additional difficulty, due to the Olympics' set limit of 10, athletes and coaches.
American football also has the issue of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.
In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture.
The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday ,  and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.
Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".
The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.
Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE. American football was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges.
American football is the fifth most popular sport in Mexico and the country has the highest rating of the NFL outside the United States. Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.
Play was halted during World War II, but began to grow in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.
Europe is a major target for expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was fairly popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over 4 million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.
The sport's popularity faded over the s, coinciding with the establishment of the Premier League. According to BBC America , there is a "social stigma" surrounding American football in the UK, with many Brits feeling the sport has no right to call itself 'football' due to the small emphasis on kicking.
Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. The sport is played in European countries such as Switzerland, which has American football clubs in every major city,  and Germany, where the sport has around 45, registered amateur players.
But in these countries American football has not yet reached the same level of popularity it has, for example, in North America.
Brazil's audience is the 3rd of the world, behind only Mexico and United States. Rumors were that a Pro Bowl edition could be held there.
One of the reasons of that boom in audience is the placekicker of Kansas City Chiefs , Cairo Santos , the first Brazilian player to reach some worldwide success in the sport.
To , a strongest league will get start in June, including 32 teams around the country, in 4 conferences. The recent born team already won his state championship, and for the Brazilian top league already has signed with former NFL's player Nic Harris.
In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football, since when has begun the practice of this sport in Argentina.
Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.
Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.
Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.
Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.
Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.
There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.
Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.
Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. History of American football.
Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.
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Sociology of Sport and Social Theory. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " American football " dated July 5, , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.
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Views Read View source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. This page was last edited on 17 October , atAlle anderen Footballer waren Amateure und mussten ihren Lebensunterhalt durch normale Arbeit sichern. Gegner am Samstag ist Aufsteiger Potsdam Royals. Thomas tritt gegen Broncos nach ran. Viele Hochschulen haben auch eigene Spiel computer. Die Beste Spielothek in Nittel finden Spieler der Verteidigungslinie, die sowohl den Quarterback im Passspiel unter Druck setzen oder zu Fall bringen, als auch den gegnerischen Ballträger beim Laufspiel stoppen. Der College Football war und ist populär, die besten Studenten-Teams wurden heavy tunes erstklassig betrachtet. Brown durfte sich in Week 5 über seine ersten Catches im Packers-Trikot freuen. Nur Artikel von Ulanda-EU anzeigen. NFL ist eine Weiterleitung auf diesen Artikel. In der Vergangenheit gab es den ein oder anderen spektakulären Last-Minute-Wechsel. Der Quarterback oder ein anderer offensiver Spieler versucht, den Ball einem fangberechtigten Spieler der Offense zuzuwerfen, der eine vorher festgelegte Passroute läuft. Book Depository Bücher mit kostenfreier Lieferung weltweit. Viele Spielzüge sind darauf ausgelegt, die Verteidigung zu verwirren. Die Rückennummern haben üblicherweise eine feste Zuteilung zu den Positionen, nicht zuletzt zur Orientierung der Schiedsrichter. Die Krankheit kann etwa Gedächtnisverlust, Depressionen oder Demenz verursachen. Meistens handelt es sich dabei um einen Quarterback , Runningback oder Wide Receiver. Costa Mesa , CA. Wenn der Coach bei beiden Challenges Recht bekommt, so bekommt das Team eine dritte. Der rabenschwarze Tag des Mason Crosby ran. Seit den ern wird auch American Football in der Schweiz gespielt. Der Quarterback kann wie der Running Back auch selbst laufen.